Watercolour Paint

While watercolour is a relatively modern type of paint, its ancestry dates back throughoutrecorded history, and examples of watercolour work can be found in ancient Egyptian andearly Oriental art. The medium is renowned for helping artists create liquid, luminous andtransparent images, with a veil-like quality that’s quite different from the denser textures ofacrylics and oils.
Instructions:

Modern watercolours are more water-soluble than ever since glycerine has been added to thestandard mixture of pigments and gum arabic. You’ll likely want to learn how to measure theamount of water you use to avoid creating muddy images: The water controls the way thecolour appears more than the painter does!Watercolours are sold in tubes and pans (liquid and solid form.) The tube form provides themaximum concentration of colour, and is sold in wider ranges of colours. On the other hand,pans are an excellent choice for students because they’re easier to carry, clean and store.Since watercolour techniques consist of creating transparent effects, you only need to usea small amount of pigment, with lots of water. That’s why tubes of watercolour paints are smaller than tubes of oil or acrylic paint.

Paint quality

Like all other paints, watercolour paint is produced in fine and extra-fine ranges often labelledfor artists or for students. The main difference between the two is in the concentration and quality of the pigments.

Surfaces

Watercolours are normally used on paper. The technique generally consists of spreading andlayering washes of thin, transparent layers of colour. With the paper’s texture as a base, alongwith the characteristics of the paint and the various possibilities created by paintbrushesand accessories (sponges, cloths, blades, etc.), watercolour artist can create the illusion of pronounced textures even if the colour is never applied in impastos.

Watercolour papers are specially designed for the medium, and are a much better choicethan canvases prepared for oils or acrylics. Even a base coat of gesso doesn’t make for anideal surface for beautiful washes. Photocopy-grade papers and drawing papers are too thin; they wrinkle too easily or shred if you paint in strong strokes. The highest quality ofwatercolour papers are made of cotton fibres, and are often labelled 100% rag. They are less likely to deform, and can be stretched when wet. Many beginner-level watercolour papers are made of ordinary paper pulp (e.g.: wood pulp,) and they don’t stretch as well as cotton-based papers.

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